USDA Rural Development: A Major Part of Rural America
Rural Development is likely not the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the United State Department of Agriculture. Most folks think of the Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Food and Nutrition, or Risk Management. However, there is a good chance that USDA Rural Development touches your life every day.
We have long been known for our role in economic development, and that is one of the key elements identified by the President’s Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity. Other areas highlighted by the task force report are innovation and technology, workforce development, quality of life, and e-connectivity. In other words, USDA Rural Development has and will continue to impact rural lives for the better.
So far in Fiscal Year 2018, USDA Rural Development Indiana programs invested more than $627 million to promote economic development, improve community services and infrastructure, and increase rural homeownership.
Thanks to those investments:
- The Multi-Family Housing team has assisted very low, low and moderate-income households with their rent through over $22 million in rental assistance payments and over one million in vouchers.
- Single-Family Housing has aided over 4,600 families that can now have a place they call home and has obligated over $500 million in guaranteed and direct loans.
- Business Programs have produced 90 loans and grants by way of over $12 million Guaranteed loans, over $5 million in grants and over $6.7 million in direct loans.
- WEP obligations have served 55,836 customers because of $9 million in grants and over $42 million in loans. Community Facilities have helped communities of over 586 thousand residents with over $37 million in loans and $463 thousand in grants.
From economic opportunity to public health and the environment, modern infrastructure, including water infrastructure, is a foundation for enhanced quality of life and prosperity in rural America.
Beyond the loan and grant dollars we invest is the assistance we offer through our field delivery system.
You don’t have to travel to the big city to find a Rural Development Office. Rural Development employees live and work in rural communities like yours and near yours. Our kids go to the same school, our families are protected by the same fire, ambulance and law enforcement workers, and we look for the same economic opportunities as you do. We know and understand the needs of rural communities and people because it is who we are and where we are.
We also are engaged in the fight against the misuse of opioids and other drugs. Too many communities are being consumed by the loss of people, resources, and productivity. Drug addiction is a multigenerational problem that can impact three generations or more.
Today, the leading cause of death in people younger than 50 is not automobile accidents or cancer – it’s drug overdoses. Rural areas have now surpassed the drug overdose death rates of the urban areas.
USDA Rural Development programs can directly assist by helping communities, health care providers, and emergency responders with facilities and equipment to provide essential services, or indirectly by providing contact to others with resources to help.
Lastly, after relaying this information about what we’re doing, I’d like to address what may be the best part: How we’re doing it. Ag Secretary Sonny Perdue has set a goal for USDA to be the most efficient, most effective, and most customer focused USDA ever.
USDA Rural Development has those goals covered.
- Efficient: In 2017, for every dollar Indiana USDA Rural Development received, we were able to invest 98 cents directly into our projects. Less than two cents of that dollar went to administrative costs.
- Effective: According to USDA’s Fiscal Year 2017 Budget Summary, USDA Rural Development turned actual appropriation dollars of $2.8 billion into nearly $34 billion in investments for rural America, more than a tenfold increase.
- Customer Focused: USDA Rural Development is the only agency within USDA that has a field-based delivery system in place that can reach the over 1.8 million rural residents of Indiana, and nationally, all 41 million rural Americans
USDA Rural Development can work with almost any element a community or individual may need. We have a wide array of programs and are actively seeking innovations to help us do even more. As I like to say, when Rural Development shows up, someone’s life is going to improve.
Michael Dora is state director for USDA Rural Development in Indiana.