Rising Interest Rates - A Death Knell For Bonds?

Posted: Updated:

Guessing the direction interest rates will take is difficult - even for the experts. But our current economic environment indicates interest rates could continue to rise this year. Whether you're a borrower or an investor, you need to understand the financial risks involved.

Thus far in January, the interest rate for a 10-year U.S. Treasury bond has risen about 0.25 percent. As a result, the average bond has lost about 1 percent, according to Barclay's Aggregate Index. That may not sound like much, but losing 1 percent in three weeks is a sizeable move in the typically slow-moving world of bonds.

Why Interest Rates May Continue Rising

The domestic economy is growing at about 3 percent. In addition, there are other signs of improvement. Plus, we have a new tax plan that is likely to accelerate growth, at least in the short-term. As a result, we're seeing growth at or above the long-term average during a time of well-below-average interest rates. Historically, this combination has occurred infrequently.

The global economy is also growing better than expected. Every one of the 45 largest economies is expanding. According to Josh Zumbrin of the Wall Street Journal and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), this hasn't happened since 2004 - 2007. Clearly, the accommodative stances (e.g. lower interest rates) taken by the world's central banks are no longer as necessary. The U.S. began tightening interest rates in 2016. If they haven't already done so, the world’s central banks will likely follow suit in 2018.

Unemployment is low and presumably can't get much lower. With a strong economy and low unemployment, the pressure to increase wages is bound to intensify. Wage inflation could potentially lead to higher overall inflation. This scenario would encourage the Federal Reserve to raise rates even higher than it had originally planned.

The Fed is already suggesting we'll see three interest rate increases in 2018 to its key rate. Market experts are skeptical that this will actually occur. However, the Fed has the potential to surprise the market. And when it does, rates can move quickly and market values can fluctuate significantly as future expectations adjust to a new norm.

What's The Impact on Long-Term Bonds?

If you're concerned about rising rates, you'll want to avoid long-term bonds such as the German Bund, as well as low-yielding bonds, like U.S. Treasuries or developed countries' sovereign debt. You definitely want to stay clear from 30-year U.S. Treasury bonds! Why? If the interest rate on a 30-year Treasury bond were to rise 1 percent, its value could fall by 20 percent (Market Data Center from The Wall Street Journal). The payout on this bond is only 2.9 percent. It would take a long time to break even after a 20 percent loss!

Which Bonds Hold Their Own?

Short-term maturity bonds are often sheltered from the impact of rising rates. If rates rise, your bond matures soon and you can quickly buy a new bond at a high rate, then you’ll be earning higher yields faster. Floating-rate bonds can also be an attractive investment. Their yields reset periodically to match the movement of underlying rates, such as the prime or the LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate).

Which Bonds Might Actually Do Well?

No bond is guaranteed to do well when rates rise. However, it’s possible that foreign bonds may weather an interest rate increase better than domestic bonds. Why? They are affected by currency fluctuations, which can influence returns (for good or bad), and their own domestic interest rate movements. This month can serve as a good example. As U.S. bonds have declined and the dollar has lost value, most foreign bonds have seen gains.

Higher-yielding corporate bonds can benefit from rate increases, if rates are rising due to improving economic conditions. Struggling companies that issue high-yield bonds have an easier road during times of strong economic growth. The loss from rising interest rates can be offset by the presumed increase in security of the issuing corporation. In bond jargon, a BB rated bond that is upgraded to BBB will get a bump in price, all else being equal.

Summary: Advice For Investors And Borrowers

If you're an investor, you need to be comfortable with what you own and the risks you're taking. A diversified portfolio that includes floating-rate bonds and foreign bonds can help alleviate risks associated with rising domestic rates. These investments carry their own unique risks, so be sure to understand those before making changes.

If you're a borrower, take the opposite strategy. Be willing to lock in rates today for longer periods and avoid floating rates tied to the prime or LIBOR. If rates rise, you'll be saving on interest payments for a long time!

Bill Wendling, CFA, is a Senior Portfolio Manager with Bedel Financial Consulting Inc., a wealth management firm located in Indianapolis. For more information, visit their website at bedelfinancial.com or email Bill.

  • Perspectives

    • Is Your Enterprise Ready For Digital Transformation?

      We are living in a historic era with accelerating market and technology disruptions that impact our lives and rapidly change how we do business. Cloud computing, advanced analytics, and digital technologies have the potential to transform how every company interacts with its customer. So, how do businesses keep up and (better yet) stay ahead? Enter the digital CIO. A new breed of CIO is emerging to lead companies through technology changes happening at record pace.



Company Name:
Confirm Email:
INside Edge
Morning Briefing
BigWigs & New Gigs
Life Sciences Indiana
Indiana Connections


  • Most Popular Stories

    • Big Military Diesel Engine Contract Goes to Cummins

      Columbus-based Cummins Inc. has secured a more than quarter-billion dollar U.S. Department of Defense contract. The deal involves new and remanufactured engines for the U.S. Army. The DOD says locations of where the work will be performed will be determined with each order. The contract is for procurement of new commercial, remanufactured and remanufactured conversion V903 Cummins series 600 and 675 horsepower diesel engines. Cummins bills itself as...

    • IDOE Names 'Four Star Schools'

      The Indiana Department of Education has released its list of Four Star Schools for the 2016-2017 academic year. The designation, which has been awarded for the past 30 years, aims to recognize great schools throughout the state. 

    • 'Best Places' in Indiana Reaches Record

      The Indiana Chamber of Commerce has released the 2018 list of Best Places to Work in Indiana. A record 125 companies are being honored this year and more than 50 are first-timers or returning after a year or more off the list. Employers in over two dozen communities are represented and the chamber will unveil the rankings of the Best Places honorees during a May 3 awards dinner at the Indiana Convention Center in downtown Indianapolis.

    • F&W Moving Engine Line From Mexico to Noble County

      Kendallville-based Flint & Walling Inc. is planning to on-shore some operations to Indiana. The Journal Gazette in Fort Wayne reports the manufacturer is shifting an engine production line from Mexico to Kendallville's former Superior Essex facility that it acquired a year ago. The publication says F&W is investing more than $5 million into renovations and equipment for small sump pump engines that will be used by its parent company, Louisville-based Zoeller Co.

    • Cummins to Design Combat Engines That Elude the Enemy

      The monstrous, larger-than-life military tanks of tomorrow could be powered by Hoosier ingenuity. A recent $47 million defense contract delivers marching orders for Columbus-based Cummins Inc.: develop the next-generation engine to power U.S. combat vehicles, and it must be stronger, but smaller, and elusive to enemies’ efforts to spot it.