Rising Interest Rates - A Death Knell For Bonds?

Posted: Updated:

Guessing the direction interest rates will take is difficult - even for the experts. But our current economic environment indicates interest rates could continue to rise this year. Whether you're a borrower or an investor, you need to understand the financial risks involved.

Thus far in January, the interest rate for a 10-year U.S. Treasury bond has risen about 0.25 percent. As a result, the average bond has lost about 1 percent, according to Barclay's Aggregate Index. That may not sound like much, but losing 1 percent in three weeks is a sizeable move in the typically slow-moving world of bonds.

Why Interest Rates May Continue Rising

The domestic economy is growing at about 3 percent. In addition, there are other signs of improvement. Plus, we have a new tax plan that is likely to accelerate growth, at least in the short-term. As a result, we're seeing growth at or above the long-term average during a time of well-below-average interest rates. Historically, this combination has occurred infrequently.

The global economy is also growing better than expected. Every one of the 45 largest economies is expanding. According to Josh Zumbrin of the Wall Street Journal and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), this hasn't happened since 2004 - 2007. Clearly, the accommodative stances (e.g. lower interest rates) taken by the world's central banks are no longer as necessary. The U.S. began tightening interest rates in 2016. If they haven't already done so, the world’s central banks will likely follow suit in 2018.

Unemployment is low and presumably can't get much lower. With a strong economy and low unemployment, the pressure to increase wages is bound to intensify. Wage inflation could potentially lead to higher overall inflation. This scenario would encourage the Federal Reserve to raise rates even higher than it had originally planned.

The Fed is already suggesting we'll see three interest rate increases in 2018 to its key rate. Market experts are skeptical that this will actually occur. However, the Fed has the potential to surprise the market. And when it does, rates can move quickly and market values can fluctuate significantly as future expectations adjust to a new norm.

What's The Impact on Long-Term Bonds?

If you're concerned about rising rates, you'll want to avoid long-term bonds such as the German Bund, as well as low-yielding bonds, like U.S. Treasuries or developed countries' sovereign debt. You definitely want to stay clear from 30-year U.S. Treasury bonds! Why? If the interest rate on a 30-year Treasury bond were to rise 1 percent, its value could fall by 20 percent (Market Data Center from The Wall Street Journal). The payout on this bond is only 2.9 percent. It would take a long time to break even after a 20 percent loss!

Which Bonds Hold Their Own?

Short-term maturity bonds are often sheltered from the impact of rising rates. If rates rise, your bond matures soon and you can quickly buy a new bond at a high rate, then you’ll be earning higher yields faster. Floating-rate bonds can also be an attractive investment. Their yields reset periodically to match the movement of underlying rates, such as the prime or the LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate).

Which Bonds Might Actually Do Well?

No bond is guaranteed to do well when rates rise. However, it’s possible that foreign bonds may weather an interest rate increase better than domestic bonds. Why? They are affected by currency fluctuations, which can influence returns (for good or bad), and their own domestic interest rate movements. This month can serve as a good example. As U.S. bonds have declined and the dollar has lost value, most foreign bonds have seen gains.

Higher-yielding corporate bonds can benefit from rate increases, if rates are rising due to improving economic conditions. Struggling companies that issue high-yield bonds have an easier road during times of strong economic growth. The loss from rising interest rates can be offset by the presumed increase in security of the issuing corporation. In bond jargon, a BB rated bond that is upgraded to BBB will get a bump in price, all else being equal.

Summary: Advice For Investors And Borrowers

If you're an investor, you need to be comfortable with what you own and the risks you're taking. A diversified portfolio that includes floating-rate bonds and foreign bonds can help alleviate risks associated with rising domestic rates. These investments carry their own unique risks, so be sure to understand those before making changes.

If you're a borrower, take the opposite strategy. Be willing to lock in rates today for longer periods and avoid floating rates tied to the prime or LIBOR. If rates rise, you'll be saving on interest payments for a long time!

Bill Wendling, CFA, is a Senior Portfolio Manager with Bedel Financial Consulting Inc., a wealth management firm located in Indianapolis. For more information, visit their website at bedelfinancial.com or email Bill.

  • Perspectives

    • Wojtowicz founded Indianapolis-based Cambridge Capital Management Corp. in 1983.

      Fixed, Long-Term Interest Rates Protects Against Rate Hikes

      A Hoosier small-business owner recently told his banker that, “Interest rates are as low as they ever will be” in the foreseeable future, and he wanted to get a loan with a “friendly” rate. The Fed made that official recently when it indicated  another quarter-percent rate hike will likely occur in December.  Most pundits expect there to be  three more rate hikes in 2019. Small-business owners are under pressure to act if they are considering...



Company Name:
Confirm Email:
INside Edge
Morning Briefing
BigWigs & New Gigs
Life Sciences Indiana
Indiana Connections


  • Most Popular Stories

    • Wesemann Hall at the Valparaiso University Law School (photo courtesy Tony V. Martin/The Times of Northwest Indiana)

      Valpo School of Law Transfer Denied

      A proposal to transfer Valparaiso University's law school to another university has been shot down. The Tennessee Higher Education Commission has denied the transfer to Middle Tennessee State University, which would have led to the creation of a College of Law at the school. 

    • WOWO Names 'Morning News' Host

      The program and news director of WOWO radio in Fort Wayne has been named the new host of the station's morning show. Kayla Blakeslee will lead Fort Wayne's Morning News, succeeding Charly Butcher, who passed away in August. 

    • Mega-Merger Involves Fort Wayne Operation

      A defense industry contractor with a significant presence in Fort Wayne has announced a merger agreement. Florida-based Harris Corp. (NYSE: HRS) and L3 Technologies Inc. (NYSE: LLL) in New York say the combination will create the sixth-largest defense company in the country. In early-2015, Harris completed the $4.75 billion acquisition of Exelis, a long-time manufacturer of military radio technology in Fort Wayne. Shortly after the acquisition, Harris consolidated...

    • High Alpha Spawns Tenth Tech Startup

      The first company has launched from Indianapolis-based High Alpha since the venture studio received a $100 million infusion in July, and the tenth overall. Anvl develops software designed to reduce and prevent maintenance service industry injuries. The company is led by Hoosier tech scene veteran Robin Fleming, who previously served as vice president of technology for Angie's List before its acquisition by New York-based IAC (Nasdaq: IAC). Anvl was born out of a first-of-its-kind...

    • Rolls-Royce in Indy Selected For $100M Contract

      The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded a contract worth up to $100 million to Rolls-Royce Corp. in Indianapolis. The contract is related to Phase I of the Advanced Turbine Technologies for Affordable Mission-Capability program for the U.S. Air Force.